Importance of Cold Weather Fish Food

 As humans, we often eat lighter foods in the summer and "comfort foods" in the fall and winter.  Fish in your pond are pretty much the opposite, because they need more food in the warmer months of the year and less food during winter. That's because fish go into a form of hibernation when it gets cold. Their metabolism slows down steadily until it is almost nonexistent, and they spend the majority of their time hovering at the bottom of your pond to avoid freezing to death.  Because of this lack of metabolism, their digestive systems can't process large amounts of food, or food that has high levels of protein. And during the coldest weather, they actually don't need to eat at all.

 So how should you handle the changing metabolism levels and food needs of your fish?  Feed them the type of food that is appropriate for the weather conditions they are experiencing.

For the winter months, that means giving them cold weather fish food. It's made with lesser amounts of protein and is instead comprised mostly of wheat germ, an ingredient that is easily digested and contains a higher level of fats. Switching to this kind of food is extremely important, because if you continue to feed your fish food they can't process, they will produce excess amounts of ammonia that can actually poison the water they are living in.

Another benefit of cold weather fish food is that it has important probiotics that help produce enzymes that break down carbohydrates, protein and fat. So the food you're feeding your fish is essentially helping their digestive systems to process it.  

We recommend switching to cold weather fish food any time nighttime temperatures go below 55 degrees, or when the water temperature drops to 65 degrees. Once your fish stop coming to the surface for food, or the water falls below 42 degrees, you should stop feeding them altogether until the temperature starts rising again.