Tips On Building A Koi Pond

There is a lot to be said for having your very own backyard pond. Many people who chose to make one will build a patio around their pond, making it a relaxing centerpiece to their outdoor space. Naturally, adding fish to your pond makes sense – but what sort of fish is best? You probably want fish which are hardy enough to thrive in temperate climates with hot summers and cold winters. Koi are the perfect choice. These fish come from Northeast Asia, which has the kind of temperature extremes which are familiar to people in North America. Japanese Koi are definitely the best and most popular of Koi; and if you’d like to keep some of these attractive fish yourself, then this article is for you. Read on to find out how to build a Koi pond without breaking the bank with relative ease.
The first thing which you’ll do as you build a Koi pond is to decide on the right spot. Once you’ve found a good location, you’ll need to start digging! Koi are large fish so you will need to dig a pond which is at the very minimum three feet deep and large enough to hold at least 1,000 gallons. Of course the larger the pond you have room for, the better. Having at least three feet of depth will keep your Koi safe from predatory birds and other animals. If you live in a region where cranes and herons abound, even this may not be deep enough; you might need to use a canopy or other covering to protect your fish in this case.

Start with a blueprint of your Koi pond and stick with the dimensions you’ve planned as far as possible. If your yard is as full of tree roots as many are, you may have to instead build a raised pond. This will involve purchasing ample supplies of 4×4×12 (or 16) posts and more than likely a premade fiberglass wading pool to make a home for your Koi.

If this is the way you choose to go, then you’ll want to clean and level the area where you intend to build your Koi pond. Start by placing a few of your posts and support the underside of your pool with them. Use a level to make sure that everything will be level once the pond has been filled. You’ll probably need to do some fine adjustments with shims to get it perfect.

You’ll then need to fill your pond half way up and place some large stones at the bottom and around the sides of the pool.

The next step is to install the plumbing and the electricity for your pump and lights. Use a 2 inch pipe as a conduit and bury this underground from your closest outlet to your Koi pond.

Finally, ramp earth up around the sides of your new Koi pond and plant any vegetation you’d like around the edges. Now your new pond is finished and ready to be a home for your Koi; they’ll love their new home and you’ll love watching them as you relax outdoors.

Mikel Mcsuche is a Koi fish enthusiast. For more information on building koi pond, be sure to head to and get his free koi fish keeping email course.