Pond Care Spring & Autumn Fish Food

Pond Care Spring & Autumn Fish Food

Specially formulated for feeding koi & goldfish in spring & autumn water conditions. When koi & goldfish are fed a high-protein diet in water temperatures below 70ºF, they can only digest a limited amount of protein. The remaining protein is excreted as toxic ammonia, decreasing water quality.

  • For feeding fish when the water is cool, between 42ºF & 70ºF
  • Reduces pollution & ammonia produced by fish waste
  • Contains a stabilized vitamin C & a complement of important vitamins & minerals to help maintain the immune system of pond fish
  • Contains spirulina algae, chitin & caroteen to develop vibrant fish color
  • Formulated with a unique blend of amino acids & minerals to help supplement the dietary requirements of koi & goldfish in cool water

Pond fish have unique nutritional requirements that cannot be satisfied by feeding one type of food for the entire year. The dietary needs of fish vary with their metabolic activity, which in turn is dependent on seasonal behavior and water temperature. Therefore, optimal fish health, coloration and growth cannot be achieved with a single food. Pond Care® Spring & Autumn Pond Food and Summer Staple Pond Food both are uniquely formulated to harmonize with the seasonal dietary requirements of koi and other pond fish.

Why separate seasonal foods?

Because fish are cold-blooded animals, the water temperature controls their metabolism. In the cool seasons of spring and autumn, fish metabolic activity is greatly reduced, compared to their rates of metabolism in the summer months. Thus pond fish do not require a high protein diet in cool water. In fact, feeding a high protein food in cool seasons is detrimental to water quality in the pond. Excess protein in food offers no benefit to the fish but is simply converted to ammonia and excreted, which can lead to toxic levels of ammonia in pond water.

There is greater potential for ammonia toxicity in the spring and autumn. In spring, fish become active and start feeding before the biological filter has recovered from its winter dormancy. Feeding a high protein food in the spring can result in an ammonia surge, stressing fish and leading to outbreaks of disease. In the autumn, fish are still feeding as the water cools; meanwhile, the biological filter is becoming less active, increasing the possibility of dangerous ammonia concentrations in pond water.

Consequently, Aquarium Pharmaceuticals has developed two seasonal foods for koi and goldfish. Each provides a perfect diet of wholesome ingredients, based on the water temperature of the pond.

What is special about Pond Care Spring & Autumn Pond Food?

Many pond fish foods claim to supply reduced amounts of protein for the cool water seasons. Spring & Autumn Pond Food, however, is a genuine reduced-protein, high-carbohydrate diet, formulated specifically for seasonal needs. A variety of energy-rich, easily digestible carbohydrates (derived from bell peppers, carrots, tomatoes, spinach, wheat and other ingredients) serve to increase the efficiency of protein metabolism, thereby reducing the level of ammonia released by the fish. Essential amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals are provided in Spring & Autumn Pond Food, as well as stabilized vitamin C for improved disease resistance. Unlike conventional vitamin C, stabilized vitamin C remains viable during manufacturing and prolonged storage. Spring & Autumn Pond Food also supplies spirulina algae and other natural color-enhancing ingredients to produce beautiful coloration in pond fish.

In the autumn, fish continue to feed even though the biological filter becomes less efficient as the winter dormancy approaches, and in the spring, they start feeding before the biological filter has had time to re-activate. It is important, therefore, that they not be fed a high-protein diet in the spring and autumn. Otherwise a dangerous ammonia surge might result.

Additionally Pond Care Spring and Autumn Pond Food can also be used in the summer or spring, when adding new fish to the pond. This will help prevent ammonia build-up while the pond's biological filter adjusts to the higher fish load.

The importance of a balanced diet

Research shows if goldfish and koi are fed a diet lacking in an essential nutrient several problems can occur: a weakened immune system resulting in disease problems, poor growth, poor coloration, and deformed fins and spines. If a fish food contains nutrients that cannot be digested and assimilated, the same results will occur. It is obvious that fish require a variety of nutrients in order to fulfill their energy requirements. Pond Care fish foods contain high quality proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, in the proper ratio.

Proteins can be used as an energy source but are more important for growth and spawning. Proteins are complex substances made up of amino acids. The fish can synthesize some amino acids while other amino acids cannot and must come directly from the food they eat. It is generally accepted that fish require ten essential amino acids: arginine, histidine, soleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylaline, threonine, trytophan and valine. The biological value of dietary protein for ornamental fish is determined by the balance of the essential amino acids in the food. If any one of the ten essential amino acids is missing in the diet, the fish are unable to use the remaining acids for growth; hence they are broken down and excreted as ammonia.

Fats and carbohydrates are the most important energy source for fish, conserving proteins that are needed for growth. Limiting the use of proteins for energy reduces the excretion of ammonia from the fish. As with proteins, some fatty acids cannot be synthesized by fish and are called essential fatty acids. Essential fatty acids must come directly from the food. If the fish food contains too much carbohydrate and fat they will be converted into fat in the body, causing the fish to become obese. Captive fish do not have to exert energy foraging for food like wild fish and are more likely to becoming obese if their diet is not properly balanced. In addition, if the fat and carbohydrate level in the food is too low, the fish will be forced to use protein for energy, limiting growth. Fish with extreme deficiencies of fat and carbohydrate often exhibit growth retardation, fin rot, myocarditis, increased mortality, and "shock syndrome" in which fish lose nueromuscular control.

Koi and goldfish need the right vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. Vitamin deficiencies result in retarded growth, increased susceptibility to disease, eye lesions, fin erosion, slow blood clotting, equilibrium loss, skin color darkening, erratic swimming and many other problems. Minerals are required for normal body metabolism such as bone and hemoglobin formation, pH regulation, and hormonal functions. Foods containing too much minerals have been associated with poor oxygen transfer from water to blood, as well as slow growth.

Made with natural ingredients, Pond Care fish food provides a complete, balanced diet and helps maintain clearer, cleaner water. Pond Care fish foods create less environmental stress and promote longer, healthier lives for fish.

Directions For Using Spring & Autumn Pond Food:

1. When water temperature is cool, 42° F to 70º F (6º C to 21º C), feed pond fish two to four times a day, in amounts no greater than they can consume within a few minutes. The floating pellets quickly soften so that even small fish can feed with ease.

2. Spring & Autumn Pond Food can be used during the summer months to add variety to the diet of pond fish and to bring fish to the water's surface for inspection or display. Because Spring & Autumn Pond Food is a reduced-protein formulation, ammonia build-up from extra feedings need not be a concern.

3. This product can also be used in the summer when adding new fish to a pond, thereby preventing increased ammonia while the pond's biological filter adjusts to the greater fish load.

Guaranteed Analysis:

Min Crude Protein ….. 11.0%
Min Crude Fat ….. 3.2%
Max Crude Fiber ….. 4.0%
Max Moisture ….. 7.4%

Ingredients:

Ground wheat, Ground corn, Rice hulls, Carrot powder, Spinach powder, Tomato powder, Green bell pepper powder, Ground crab shells, Canola oil, Spirulina algae meal, Choline chlorine, Zinc sulfate, Bewers dried yeast, Manganous oxide, Ferris sulfate, L-Ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (source of vitamin C), Natural & artificial color, Niacin, DL-Alpha tocopheryl acetate, D-Calcium pantothenate, Copper sulfate, Riboflavin-5-phosphate, Pyridoxine hydrochloride, Thiamine mononitrate, Menadione dimethylprimidinol bisulfite, Vitamin A acetate, D-Activated animal sterol, Ethoxquin (used as a preservative).

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